Monday, December 30, 2019

Posse Comitatus

Posse Comitatus

(Copied with permission from The Free Encyclopedia on US Law)

[Latin, Power of the county.] Referred at Common Law to all males over the age of fifteen on whom a sheriff could call for assistance in preventing any type of civil disorder.

The notion of a posse comitatus has its roots in ancient English Law, growing out of a citizen's traditional duty to raise a "hue and cry" whenever a serious crime occurred in a village, thus rousing the fellow villagers to assist the sheriff in pursuing the culprit. By the seventeenth century, trained militia bands were expected to perform the duty of assisting the sheriff in such tasks, but all males age fifteen and older still had the duty to serve on the posse comitatus.

In the United States, the posse comitatus was an important institution on the western frontier, where it became known as the posse. At various times vigilante committees, often acting without legal standing, organized posses to capture wrongdoers. Such posses sharply warned first-time cattle rustlers, for instance, and usually hanged or shot second-time offenders. In 1876 a four-hundred-man posse killed one member of the infamous Jesse James gang and captured two others.

In 1878 the use of a posse comitatus was limited by the passage of the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878. This act, passed in response to the use of federal troops to enforce reconstruction policies in the southern states, prohibited the use of the U.S. Army to enforce laws unless the Constitution or an act of Congress explicitly authorized such use. This act was amended five times in the 1980s, largely to allow for the use of military resources to combat trafficking in illicit narcotics.

Though rarely used, the posse comitatus continues to be a modern legal institution. In June 1977, for example, the Aspen, Colorado, sheriff called out the posse comitatus—ordinary citizens with their own weapons—to hunt for escaped mass murderer Theodore ("Ted") Bundy. Many states have modern posse comitatus statutes; one typical example is the Kentucky statute enacted in 1962 that gives any sheriff the power to "command and take with him the power of the county or a part thereof, to aid him in the execution of the duties of his office" (Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 70.060 [Baldwin 1996]).

"Posse Comitatus" is also the name taken by a right-wing, antitax extremist group founded in 1969 by Henry L. Beach, a retired dry cleaner and one-time member of the Silver Shirts, a Nazi-inspired organization that was established in the United States after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. The group operated on the belief that the true intent of the founders of the United States was to establish a Christian republic where the individual was sovereign. Members of the group were united by the belief that the federal government was illegitimate, being operated by Jewish interests through the Internal Revenue Service, the federal courts, and the federal reserve. The Posse Comitatus received widespread media attention in 1983 when a leader of the group, Gordon Kahl, was involved in a violent standoff with North Dakota law enforcement officers. Convicted for failure to pay taxes and then for violating the terms of his Probation, Kahl shot and killed three officers and wounded three others before being shot and killed himself.

Further readings
Corcoran, James. 1990. Bitter Harvest. New York: Viking.

Hasday, Jill Elaine. 1996. "Civil War as Paradigm: Reestablishing the Rule of Law at the End of the Cold War." Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy 5.

Malcolm, Joyce Lee. 1994. To Keep and Bear Arms. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press.

Friday, October 4, 2019

Snap Crackle Boom - Podcast Episode

Podcast Episode 1: Snap Crackle Boom


Friday, September 27, 2019

Who Dares Wins - Podcast Episode

Podcast Episode 0.1: Who Dares Wins

If ep. 0 was the appetizer, this is the main course.


Monday, September 16, 2019

Friday, September 13, 2019

The Clinton Death-Toll: Part Two

Before I get into the second part of this list, I want to begin by saying that it's proving itself to be quite the psychological odyssey, researching the suspicious deaths surrounding the Clintons and their inner circle. To get a sense of what I'm talking about, take a moment to consider the following questions.

First, how many people do you know who've died in plane crashes?

How many people do you know who committed suicide?

Or who were killed in robberies gone wrong?

Or who were "robbed" and yet had nothing stolen?

How many people do you know who've been decapitated?

Burned alive?

Hit by trains?

For the Clintons, the answers to these questions are staggering. 

If any of you reading this were able to claim one-twentieth of their numbers,... anyone you told about it would immediately consider you a serial killer, and would likely report their information and suspicions to the FBI.

As I stated in the opening notes of the previous entry, my criteria for vetting these cases, (all of which are connected to the Clintons in some way,) was to boil the list down to only those cases that fit one or both of two standards; 1. Deaths of people personally associated with the Clintons, (in other words, not associated by proxy of any intermediary party or parties,) and 2. Deaths that presented easily drawn lines of motive leading to the Clintons more directly than to any other party.

What you will find nowhere on my final, vetted list, (however long it ends up being,) are any parties whose deaths were not immediately beneficial to the Clinton machine.

When I published Part One, I'd believed myself to be halfway done. Having investigated seventy of the one-hundred forty cases I started with, I'd disqualified forty-two as not meeting the above criteria. This produced a list of twenty-eight, not including the deaths of the witnesses (and suspect) in the Henry/Ives "Boys on the Track" -case, nor the dozen former Clinton bodyguards who've been killed.

I took a week off to give myself some distance from the subject, as the process had taken a heavy toll on my health, my sleep, and my state of mind. Then I commenced finishing my research,... or so I thought.

However, beyond expectation, more cases began to emerge, both from my own research and from the several readers who've volunteered help, and the list got longer... and longer...

...and longer.

It seems that Communist Dictators do not, in fact, require the full institutionalization of their policies in order to begin overflowing the mass-graves. No, indeed the slaughter starts decades ahead of the official raising of the red-flag.

Part One of this series came at the cost of two months of phone calls, emailing, and more dark-web surfing than I've ever done in my life. I have already tapped every contact and source I've ever worked with and even gotten my number blocked by several Arkansas government offices. And that was just getting through the first seventy cases. Since then, my Master List has grown by over two-hundred-sixty names. 

It seems like there is no bottom to this pit.

I've only been working on Part Two for a week, and so this entry is significantly shorter. Going forward, however, I will commit more time to research between publishings for the remainder of the cases. My next little project, before I get back to the list, is to go into some of the cases in Part One with much greater depth, and expand their entries significantly, (in Particular Vince Foster, Danny Casolaro, and Seth Rich.) I'm hoping to have that updated by sometime next week. So, Part Three is likely another month away, and for now, the plan is to release one new part or segment a month until I'm done.

When I will be done remains to be determined. 

After all, the gears of the Clinton machine are still turning, blades enthusiastically whirring, blood spraying from the mouth of the combine, a scarlet downpour as heavy as ever.

So, it's anybody's guess.



These are in no particular order.

29 - Shawn Lucas: Process server working together with Brandon Yoshimura for One Source Process, Inc. served the Democratic National Committee with a lawsuit for Fraud on July 3, 2016, in which Debbie Wasserman Schultz is named as the prime suspect in rigging the Democratic Presidential Primary for Hillary Clinton against the Bernie Sanders campaign. (This was shortly before Wasserman Schultz tendered her resignation as Chair of the DNC.)

On July 22 of 2016, the DNC filed a motion to dismiss the suit on partial grounds of improper service, citing Lucas's appearance in a viral video capturing the moment he served the lawsuit. However, as Lucas was found to have had no part in staging said video, nor any association to the media sources that filmed and circulated it, the motion was denied.

Later, on August 2, 2016, Lucas was found dead in his home, by his girlfriend.

The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner of Washington D.C. determined,... two months after Lucas's passing,... that the cause of death was "accidental" due to "the combined adverse effects" of fentanyl, (a synthetic opioid,) cyclobenzaprine (a muscle relaxer,) and mitragynine, (aka: "kratom.")

30 - R. Montgomery Raiser: Son of C. Victor Raiser II, Robert Montgomery Raiser was also heavily involved in the Clinton presidential campaign. He was killed along with his father in a plane crash while vacationing in Alaska in 1992, (the year Clinton was elected President.)

31 - William Colby: Director of the CIA from 1973 to 1976 under Presidents Nixon and Ford, and the subject of the 2003 biography Lost Crusader, by John Prados, Colby began writing for Strategic Investment Newsletter in 1996. Many in the intelligence community expressed concern over the position, citing Colby's well-known history of divulging CIA secrets. 

It was Colby who'd revealed to Congress the plans to kill Fidel Castro, the CIA spying, mail-opening, and warrantless wiretapping of American citizens in direct violation of their agency charter, and the conducting of biological weapons-testing and mind-control experiments on unsuspecting American citizens using LSD (MK Ultra.) 

He was later replaced as CIA Director by George HW Bush.

Three years prior to hiring Colby, in 1993, Strategic Investor had covered the death of Vince Foster in depth, going so far as to hire the very handwriting experts who publicly determined that Foster's later discovered, torn-to-pieces "suicide note" (which hadn't been found when his briefcase was first searched, but later materialized out of thin air, with no fingerprints on any of the pieces,...) had, in fact, been a forgery. 

It was known to the press that William Colby was sitting on a great deal of yet-to-be-revealed information concerning Vince Foster's death.

On April 27 of 1996, Colby was alone at his weekend house across from Cobb Island, Maryland. He'd spent the day preparing his sailboat for summer at a nearby marina. Multiple witnesses from the marina confirmed that he'd worked on his sailboat for at least six hours that day.

Upon arriving home at 7pm, Colby made a phone call to his wife, Sally Shelton, a high-ranking State Department official. Sally was visiting family in Texas. According to her, William had said that he was exhausted from having worked on the boat all day and that he would steam some clams for dinner, take a shower, and go to bed.

Two sets of eye-witnesses reported having seen him a few minutes later, in his yard watering a willow tree. One was his gardener who'd stopped by at 7:15pm to introduce William to his sister who was visiting at the time. The others were Colby's two next-door neighbors who saw him at the same time from their window. They claimed that after he'd finished watering, he'd gone inside to have dinner on the glassed-in front porch.

He was found over a week later, drowned in a tributary of the Potomac River in Rock Point, Maryland on May 6 of that year.

The official conclusion was, (I assure you this is not a joke,) that Colby, a man considered by everyone who knew him to be a methodical, careful, and meticulous man, had put down his fork in the middle of dinner, gotten up and decided to go on a spur-of-the-moment canoeing excursion, telling no one, not even his wife, at which point he left his home unlocked, his computer turned on, and his partly eaten dinner and full glass of wine on the porch table. Then, after a half-eaten dinner and a full day of manual labor,...

this 76-year-old man proceeded to paddle his canoe... 

over twenty-miles,... 


at night,... which point, he fell overboard and drowned.

CNN originally reported that the missing-persons report had been filed by Colby's neighbors the next morning when they'd found his canoe wedged under the dock at Colby's house.

Later the network claimed that he'd been reported missing by his wife Sally, an hour after having spoken to him on the phone and that the canoe had been found a quarter-mile downstream from Colby's home. Either account would mean that, after Colby drowned, his body stayed put in Rock Point, MD, but the canoe had rowed itself the 20+ miles back to his house.

Later still, the story changed yet again and he was never reported missing and the canoe had been found on a sandbank a short distance from where his body had been discovered. This remains the official story today,... as far as the canoe is concerned.

The characterization of the missing person's report has gone back to "his wife filed it shortly after speaking with him on the phone that evening."

As for the canoe, according to every local boater and fisherman in the area, there was anywhere from four to six times too much sand in the hull to have merely been the result of tidal deposits, considering that the canoe had only been beached long enough for two tides to have come in. 

That the sand had been deliberately shoveled into the canoe to prevent it from washing away, was universally agreed upon by all witnesses and consulted experts. In spite of this, the official report lists the canoe as having flipped onto its side on a sandbank and become weighted down with sand by the tide.

Colby's body had been discovered, (approximately 20 yards from where the canoe had been found,) in an area that had already been thoroughly searched, several times by multiple teams and helicopters.

Also notable about the body was the absence of a life jacket. According to Colby's wife, William had always, without exception worn his very distinctively colored, custom lifejacket whenever he went out on the water.

The lifejacket was never found.

Independent investigative journalists have since determined that false stories were being deliberately planted in the media, including quoting Colby's wife as having been told by phone that William was going canoeing that evening. She has consistently denied any such story.

William Colby's death was, in spite of all available evidence and eye-witness testimony ...ruled an accident.

Note: For whatever this may be worth, the week he died, Colby was scheduled to meet with Steven Greer, founder of the Disclosure Project.*


Before proceeding with the list, here is, for future reference...

A Brief Primer on The Inslaw Scandal**

Inslaw Incorporated is a Washington DC-based software company that markets and services case management software to various entities in the courts and related justice agencies, as well as large law firms, the law departments of individual corporations, and to virtually the entire private insurance industry. 

Inslaw's bread-and-butter product in trade is a software program called PROMIS, (Prosecutors Management Information Systems,) an extremely sophisticated framework for the management of vast amounts of information with categorization criteria that is both broad and deeply nuanced. PROMIS can, among other things, track individuals solely by their involvement with the legal system, no matter how brief or trivial, as well as not only searching but combining disparate databases to circumvent the need for interdepartmental or even inter-company cooperation.

In 1982, Inslaw secured a contract with the Department of Justice. (It should be noted for future reference, that this contract was won after a veritable cavalcade of representatives from various entities, both private and government,...  foreign and domestic,... had visited the Inslaw offices to check out the software, expressed great interest in it and then never got back to them. Many of the representatives in question, it would later turn out, had long been suspected of being assets of the NSA.)

Anway, Inslaw won a contract to install and service PROMIS in the offices of the US Attorney. However, the person hired and assigned by the DoJ to manage the contract, one C. Madison Brewer, had just been fired by Inslaw. 

One month after the contract had been finalized and signed, Brewer recommended its termination, in spite of Inslaw performing at or beyond the agreed-upon levels. The DoJ proceeded to seize the software and to withhold payment (otherwise known as "stealing,") ruling officially that its status as a federal bureau placed it above private property law.

Former Attorney General Elliot Richardson was then hired by Inslaw to represent them in the lawsuit they brought against the Justice Department, claiming that the company had been the victim of a federal, criminal conspiracy.

Five years later, in 1987, U.S. Bankruptcy Judge George Bason ruled in favor of Inslaw. he awarded the owners of the company $6.8 million, stating that Justice Department officials "took, converted, and stole" PROMIS through "trickery, fraud, and deceit."

Judge Bason's reappointment was then denied the following year. He was replaced by one of the Justice Department lawyers whom he'd ruled against in the Inslaw case.

The case had, at that point, reached the level of a full, federal government conspiracy.

Circling back a bit, though ownership of PROMIS had reverted back to Inslaw, modified versions of the pirated software were then sold by US Intelligence agencies (including the NSA,) to over 88 foreign intelligence agencies, as well as private entities such as banks. These modified versions of PROMIS included "backdoors" for US operatives to hack into for various intelligence-gathering purposes, including but not limited to monitoring real-time financial transactions and money laundering at banks anywhere in the world. These backdoors can also be (and have been) used by intelligence service hackers and NSA officials to launder money themselves.

The company tasked with the marketing of this stolen PROMIS software and coordinating its use among the US intelligence community was Systematics Incorporated of Little Rock, Arkansas, (now known as Alltel.)

Their intellectual property lawyer, (and the person tasked with protecting the company from the numerous lawsuits and investigations that ensued concerned with the modified version of PROMIS they were peddling,) was a woman you may have heard of named Hillary Rodham Clinton.


Continuing with the list...

32 - Larry Guerrin: Private Detective investigating the Inslaw case.

Killed in February of 1987. No cause of death has ever been revealed to the public.

33 - Lt. Alan Standorf: Employee of the National Security Agency in electronic intelligence/surveillance, working at the Vint Hill Farms Station, (at the time a joint U.S. Army/NSA listening post.)

In 1990, he made contact with Danny Casolaro, (see Part One,) an investigative journalist who was investigating the Inslaw case. Standorf furnished Casolaro with copies of classified documents related to bulk data collection, money laundering, as well as a list of "dissidents" that were to be rounded up in case of exposure.

Standorf's body was found, with no visible wounds, on January 31, 1991, wedged into the floor of the backseat of his car in a short-term parking lot of Washington National Airport. Initially, Dr. Stephen Sheehy of the Medical Examiner's Office in Northern Virginia confirmed the information the family had been given at the time -- that Alan had died of a blunt-force blow to the back of the head, nearly a month prior to his body's discovery. This explanation has since been scrubbed from the official record, and all further details of his demise have been classified by the NSA, to the point of openly violating DoJ Guidelines.

The case remains officially "unsolved."

34 - Dennis Eisman: Philidelphia attorney who'd assisted in the defense in the "Fatal Vision" murders in February of 1970. 

Eisman had been identified as having information pertinent to the Inslaw case and was facing indictment.

Eisman's body was discovered with a fatal gunshot wound to the chest, sitting in his Porsche, parked in a downtown parking garage in Rydal, PA (a suburb of Philidelphia.) He was 50 years old.

Ruled a suicide.

35 - Ian Spiro: An International businessman and commodities broker, Ian Stuart Spiro was also a contracted intelligence operative for the CIA, who, according to journalists and international news networks in the early 90s, had been "an indispensable asset" in the gathering of U.S. and British supported intelligence as well as high-level hostage negotiation. He'd also been a covert foreign-policy dealmaker throughout the 1980s.

Evidence has revealed that Spiro worked directly for Oliver North on the Iran weapons-for-hostages bargains, the "October Surprise" and in official efforts to free Western hostages in Lebanon.

Spiro had been working for some time with CIA asset Michael Riconosciuto in collecting evidence and supporting documents which the two men were using to build a dossier which they'd planned to present to the Federal Grand Jury conducting the initial hearings on the Inslaw lawsuit. Spiro reported to many friends and colleagues during this time, that he'd been receiving numerous death threats by phone. He theorized that the threats were coming from either the Defense Intelligence Agency, Mossad agents, or the CIA itself.

In the book The Other Side of Deception, written by former Mossad agent Victor Ostrovsky, Spiro is accused of having stolen money from the Mossad to pay Hezbollah in exchange for the freeing of Western hostages.

On November 1, 1992, Spiro's wife and three children were found murdered in their home. Each had been shot in the head. Ian was found, dead of cyanide ingestion, nearly a week later in a parked car in the Borego Desert.

The official conclusion was that Spiro had murdered his wife and children, and then committed suicide. Investigators have never established a possible motive.

36 - Vali Delahanty: 39-year-old woman who'd been living with her boyfriend, John Munson, a long-time friend and confidant of CIA contract officer Michael Riconosciuto, (see Ian Spiro, above.)

She disappeared in August of 1992.

Vali wrote to Riconosciuto stating she had information that the DEA was working with John Munson to set Riconosciuto up on a false amphetamine-manufacturing charge.

Delahanty's sister, Debbie Baker had reported that Vali had called her shortly before her disappearance. Vali had told her that she was in possession of extremely sensitive information relating to the Inslaw scandal, as well as the DEA and Justice Department's attempt to falsely imprison Riconosciuto. She further told Debbie that she was prepared to testify on these matters before a Grand Jury.

Her skeletal remains were discovered in a ravine in Lake Bay, Washington in April of the following year. 

While no cause of death has been determined, the evidence at the scene was reported to suggest that Delahanty had been wading in a nearby creek, spread out her clothes to dry and had been sitting on a log when she died.

Several months before her body was discovered, John Munson had, while under the influence of alcohol, reportedly told several people at a local bar that Vali was dead.

37 - John Crawford: Attorney with information relating to the Inslaw scandal, Crawford was set to testify before the Grand Jury.

He died from an apparent heart attack in Tacoma, Washington in April of 1993, before his testimony could be heard. While the cause of his death raises no particular suspicion, the fact that he was one of several lawyers and investigators working with Riconosciuto on matters related to the Inslaw scandal, to die within a relatively short period of time, is suspicious in itself.

38 - Pete Sandvigen: CIA agent. He'd been part of a 26-man team in Afghanistan during the late 80s and had tried to help defend Riconosciuto against the DoJ's trumped-up amphetamine charges.

A resident of Whidbey Island, Washington, Sandvigen left the island's Navy Air Station reportedly to do some legwork for Riconosciuto as part of his investigation into the Inslaw scandal and was never heard from again.

His body was found on December 2, 1992. His service pistol was found without the ammo magazine.

No cause of death has ever been disclosed to the public.


*The can of worms that this suggests is something I'm not going to get into in this article. It's a project for another time.

**Eventually, we're going to delve much deeper into the Inslaw Case, PROMIS, and the pattern of connections that have come to be known as "The Octopus." There are literal dozens more mysterious deaths tied to this affair, than those I've vetted thus far. This is a rabbit-hole all its own that seems to go for miles. As such, it is one more project for another time.

Friday, August 30, 2019

The Clinton Death-Toll: Part One

First Note: On the qualification of entries;... There are lists available elsewhere online that are more comprehensive than this one, (some including as many as 140 deaths.) Such compilations include every Clinton-associated death that is both mysterious and untimely.

This list is, in the interest of fairness, more selective as to both relationship and suspiciousness of cause. In other words, what follows is a list comprised only of those mysterious and untimely deaths who had a direct relationship with the Clintons, (such as Vince Foster.) I've omitted any deaths of persons who were only associated with the Clintons by proxy of intermediary persons or organizations, excepting in cases where an unassociated person's death is highly suspected by multiple law enforcement and justice officials to have been connected to the Clintons' activities or associations, (such as Kevin Ives & Don Henry.)

Also, to whatever extent possible, I've included far more information on these cases than any other list of this type that I've yet encountered online. My intent is to be as thorough as possible in not only vetting each case but in detailing those that pass the vetting process.

Second Note: Several of these entries relate to the Mena Airport drug scandal. In case you don't know what that is; Mena Airport in Arkansas has been alleged to have been a staging/facilitation point for a CIA drug-smuggling operation in which the Clintons are directly implicated. To date, no one who has been credibly alleged to have information on this case has survived long enough to officially testify.

Third Note: Prepare yourself to become accustomed to the phrase "ruled a suicide," following phrases like "two gunshot wounds to the back of the head," or other descriptions of various causes of death with varying degrees of the physical possibility of self-infliction.

If this begins to inspire feelings of anger, fear, and near certitude that our entire government apparatus may be little more than a snake pit of lies and corruption, and if those feelings rise at a steady rate on your journey from this list's beginning to its end, I urge you not to be alarmed.

It is only a sign that you possess a functioning brain.

Fourth Note: I've not included the deaths of the four men who died in Benghazi, (Ambassador Chris Stevens, Information Officer Sean Smith, and CIA operatives and ex-Navy Se.A.L.s Glen Doherty and Tyrone Woods,) as Hillary Clinton's direct complicity in their demise is a matter of public record.

Nor have I included Jeffrey Epstein, as the case is too new and ongoing for individual details to be vetted properly.

Fifth Note: My research into this topic, applying the aforementioned vetting qualifications has thus far yielded the names on this list. However, I continue to research these cases. As I find more that fit the criteria, the list will be updated with new names. If you have any information or sources that might aid in my research, please contact me.

Sixth Note: In case I die of mysterious causes in the near future, let me save you some time;...

...It was the Clintons.



These are in no particular order.

1 - Vince Foster: Former White House counselor, and colleague of Hillary Clinton at the Rose Law Firm in Little Rock, Arkansas. Foster had been scheduled to testify against the Clintons the day after his death. He had also planned (and paid for in full,) a long, luxury retreat to immediately follow his testimony.

Died of two gunshot wounds to the back of the head.

Ruled a suicide.

2 - C. Victor Raiser, II: Finance co-chairman of Governor Bill Clinton's Presidential campaign and active at top levels with the Clinton fundraising apparatus. Killed in a plane crash while on vacation in Alaska in 1992, (the year Bill Clinton was elected President.)

3 - James Bunch - Worked for 23 years at the Department of Human Services. He was found dead at the age of 46 in a parking lot near his office. Died from a gunshot wound to the head. He had been fired a few days earlier after being arrested on charges of aggravated promotion of prostitution, (punishable by up to 10 years in prison.) It was reported that he had offered, as part of a plea-deal negotiation, a "Black Book" compiling a list of influential people who had visited prostitutes in Texas and Arkansas.

4 - Jerry Parks - Head of Governor Bill Clinton's security detail in Little Rock, Arkansas. In September of 1993, (two months after the death of Vince Foster,) Parks was shot and killed in his car at a deserted intersection outside Little Rock city limits. Though ruled a "gang-style" slaying, the murder remains unsolved. Investigators have never named any suspects, either, which makes the "gang" suggestion suspicious.

Parks' son claimed that his father had been building a dossier on the Clintons and had threatened to turn it into the Department of Justice. After he died, all files and computers were removed from his house by parties unknown prior to the arrival of official investigators.

5 - Florence Martin: Sub-contracted as an Accountant for the CIA, Martin was attached to the Mena, Arkansas airport drug-smuggling case. She was found dead of three gunshot wounds in Mabell, Texas. The murder remains unsolved. Investigators have never named any suspects.

Martin possessed documents and supporting paperwork detailing a financial account totaling over $1.5 Million at the Fuji Bank in the Caymans, in the name of known drug-smuggler Barry Seal, (see below.)

6 - Suzanne Coleman: Had an affair with Bill Clinton when he was the Attorney General for Arkansas.

Coleman, who was seven months pregnant at the time of her death, (she had told friends it was Bill Clinton's child, by the way) was killed by a gunshot wound to the back of her head on February 15, 1977.

Ruled a suicide.

7 - Paul Wilcher: Washington Attorney, found dead in his apartment in Washington D.C., one week to the day after delivering a report to Janet Reno concluding his investigation of corrupt activity surrounding Mena Airport in the 1980s.

At the time of his death, he was also looking into a connection between the Clintons and the Reagan/North cover-up, the incident at Waco, and the drug and gun-running operations still occurring at Mena Airport.

No cause of death was ever determined.

From Left to Right: Paula Jones, Kathy Ferguson, and Juanita Broaddrick
8 - Kathy Ferguson: Ex-wife of Arkansas State Trooper Danny Ferguson, who was a co-defendant along with Bill Clinton in the Paula Jones lawsuit.

Kathy was found dead in May of 1994. Her body was discovered in her living room. Cause of death was a gunshot wound to the back of the head. Several packed suitcases were discovered in the next room as if she'd been preparing to go somewhere.

Ruled a suicide. 

9 - Bill Shelton: Arkansas State Trooper and fiancee of Kathy Ferguson. Critical of the suicide ruling of his fiancee, he was found dead the following month, in June of 1994 of a gunshot wound at the gravesite of his fiancee.

Ruled a suicide.

10 - Jon Parnell Walker: Successful bank fraud investigator working the Whitewater case. Fell to his death on August 15, 1993, from an apartment balcony in Virginia. At the time of his death, he'd been investigating a suspicious funds-transfer of $47 Million from the Resolution Trust Corporation to Madison Guarantee Savings & Loan, in which the Clintons were directly implicated.

Ruled a suicide.

11 - James McDougal: Former partner of the Clintons in the Whitewater deal. Convicted of fraud, embezzlement, and insider trading. A key witness in Ken Starr's investigation, McDougal died while in solitary confinement, less than 24 hours before he was set to testify before a grand jury, as to his inside information about the Clintons' questionable associations and criminal financial practices.

Cause of death has never been publicly detailed.

12 - Gandy Baugh: Attorney for Dan Lasater. (Dan Lasater, a close friend of the Clintons, is also a convicted drug-distributor who has repeatedly come under suspicion of spying for the Chinese government.) Baugh died falling out of a window of Chicago's 100-story Hancock Tower.

Ruled a suicide.

13 - Mary Mahoney: Former White House intern, murdered in July of 1997.

In his coverage of the Paula Jones lawsuit, journalist Mike Isikoff had indicated that a "former White House staffer with the initial 'M'" was preparing to go public with her story of having been sexually harassed by President Bill Clinton.

Days later, while the three evening employees (Mary Mahoney and her co-workers; Emory Evans, aged 25, and Aaron Goodrich, aged 18,) were cleaning up after closing, gunmen entered the Georgetown Starbucks.

Goodrich and Evans were taken to a back room and shot. Mary was discovered with five bullets in her body from "at least two different guns, most likely with suppressors." A total of ten shots were fired; none of which were heard by employees of any of the surrounding businesses nor the foot traffic outside.

In spite of the fact that nothing was stolen, the deaths of Mahoney, Evans, and Goodrich were reported to have been the result of a robbery.

14 - Barry Seal: TWA Pilot and major drug-runner for the Medellin Cartel, who was portrayed in films such as 1991's "Doublecrossed" starring Dennis Hopper, and 2017's "American Made" starring Tom Cruise. 

Seal ran drugs through Arkansas airports, (particularly Mena) while Bill Clinton was the state's Governor. During this time, Arkansas Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Charles Black attempted to call a state grand-jury to examine and consider evidence implicating suspects working at Rich Mountain Aviation (a local company that had been attempting to turn Mena Airport into a center for aircraft refurbishment) as having aided and abetted Seal's drug-trafficking activities.

Black repeatedly requested assistance from Governor Clinton's office over a period of months but never received any response.

In the fall of 1986, while the FBI was investigating Dan Lasater (see: Gandy Baugh, above,) his personal pilot was brought in for questioning. He claimed that on February 8, 1984, he had flown Lasater and Patsy Thomasson (Lasater's business partner) "to Belize to look at a horse farm that was for sale." The trip had been cut short and he'd flown Lasater and Thomasson back to the U.S. before the pair could meet with the seller, for reasons unknown to the pilot.

Within a few weeks of this, Seal flew to the same location. Lassater and Roger Clinton were arrested shortly thereafter and plead guilty to drug charges, which resulted in their serving time in prison.

Years later, upon being elected President, Bill Clinton placed Patsy Thomasson in charge of the White House's Office of Administration.

Once convicted, Seal became an informant for the Drug Enforcement Administration.

He was shot to death by assassins in Louisiana, who claimed to have been hired by Medellin Cartel leader Pablo Escobar.

In spite of numerous accusations as well as suspicions and investigation by several law enforcement agencies, a personal link between Clinton and Seal has never been officially established, but given the number of Mena Airport drug-runners personally associated with the Clintons, there is a lot of smoke in the area, so to speak. The Clintons' relationship with Columbia however, (in particular President Uribe, who himself was a personal friend of Escobar,) is well-established.

15 - Ron Brown: The first African-American to serve as United States Secretary of Commerce (during Bill Clinton's first Presidential term,) prior to this, he was also the first African-American to serve as chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

In 1996 Brown had come under investigation by the FBI and DoJ. He had spoken publicly about his willingness to cut a deal with prosecutors.

Kathleen Willey
(wife of Ed Willey)
Ruled to have died on impact along with 34 other souls in a plane crash in Croatia. A pathologist on the investigation team later reported that there was a gunshot wound in the top of Brown's skull.

Less than a week later, the Air Traffic controller who'd been in contact with the plane during its ill-fated flight, committed suicide.

16 - Ed Willey: Fundraiser for Clinton. Willey ran and was involved in numerous fundraising activities for the Clintons as well as several of their close associates. He was found dead in the deep woods of Virginia on the same day that his wife Kathleen claimed Bill Clinton had groped her in the Oval Office of the White House.

Cause of death was a gunshot wound to the head.

Ruled a suicide.

17 - Kevin Ives & Don Henry: The media and investigators labeled this case "The Boys on the Track." Various reports have alleged that the boys had stumbled upon the drug-running operation at Mena Airport.

16-year-old Don Henry (left,) and 17-year-old Kevin Ives (right.)
The Medical Examiner Fahmy Malak reported that the boys had "fallen asleep on the tracks."

The engineer driving the train said that he saw the boys laying on the tracks, at which point he immediately began blowing the train's horn, to which the boys showed no response nor movement of any kind. (Side Note: Train horns emit sound in excess of 140 decibels. This is, at a minimum, 15 decibels louder than a rock concert.)

Numerous investigators have since pointed out that Don and Kevin had been slain before being placed on the tracks by parties unknown as it was determined that Kevin Ives had died from a crushed skull prior to being placed on the tracks. Don Henry had been stabbed in the back.

In spite of these findings, numerous Left-leaning news outlets continue to relate the case of "two boys who fell asleep on railroad tracks."

Several people identified as having information on the case died before their testimony could come before a Grand Jury.

They were...

-Gregory Collins - Shot to death.

-James Milam - Found decapitated. However, Medical Examiner Fahmy Malak, (see above,) ruled his death was due to "natural causes."

-Keith Coney - Died in a motorcycle accident, having ridden it at high-speeds into the back of a truck. Eyewitnesses reported the truck in question had slammed abruptly on its brakes, seemingly "for no reason," causing the collision and had fled the scene. The truck was never found, nor was its driver identified.

-Jeff Rhodes - Shot in the head, mutilated, and found burned in a garbage dump. The particular characteristics of his body's extensive and disfiguring wounds were consistent with torture. Other features, such as (localized coagulation-levels and tissue degradation,) strongly suggest that he was tortured for hours before his death.

-Richard Winters - A suspect in the Ives/Henry deaths. (Because cases of "accidental death" typically have murder suspects, right?) Killed in a set-up robbery where nothing was stolen.

-Keith McMaskle - Stabbed 113 times.

-Jordan Kettleson - Shot to death in the front seat of his pickup.

18 - Paul Tully: Political Director of the Democratic National Committee, Paul Tully was described by Clinton as a "dear friend and trusted advisor." Known as one of the Democratic Party's pre-eminent election strategists and among its most passionate advocates, Tully had moved to Little Rock, Arkansas in the fall of 1992 to aid in Governor Bill Clinton's Presidential Campaign.

He was found dead in a Little Rock hotel on September 25 of that year, at the age of 48.

Without conducting an autopsy, the Coroner said Tully (once again, aged 48,) "appeared to have died of natural causes.

19 - Paula Grober: Died in a one-car accident, December 9, 1992. She traveled with Bill Clinton as his speech interpreter for the deaf from 1978 until her death.

Rumors at the time alleged that she'd been groped and molested by Clinton on several occasions.

20 - Johnny Lawhorn, Jr.: Mechanic in Arkansas. In spring of 1997, a tornado had torn through several junked cars at Johnny's Transmission (his place of business,) which resulted in the trunk of a particular car coming open. On surveying the scene to assess the damage, Lawhorn discovered this trunk contained a box of documents and records pertaining to the Whitewater scandal. Included was the carbon copy-sheet for a $27,000 check made payable to Bill Clinton.

Lawhorn immediately called the FBI and turned over the documents to their Arkansas field office.

A few months later, he and a friend ran off the road while traveling at a high rate of speed. The car had become airborne before hitting a utility pole. Both men died on impact.

21 - Herschel Friday: Arkansas bond lawyer whom President Nixon had considered appointing to the United States Supreme Court. The American Bar Association felt that Friday's nomination was inappropriate due to his firm's involvement in the 1957 Central High School Crisis, wherein they had represented the Little Rock School District.

An active fundraiser and personal friend of the Clintons, Friday died in March of 1994, when his plane exploded in mid-air.

22 - Danny Casolaro: An investigative reporter looking into the Mena Airport Drug-Running Scandal as well as shady dealings at the Arkansas Development Finance Authority, (both cases directly tied to the Clintons,) (See: "The Inslaw Scandal," in Part Two.)

Casolaro apparently slit his wrists in the middle of his investigation.

23 - Dr. James Wilson: Reported to have ties to the Whitewater Case. He died from an apparent hanging suicide.

24 - Barbara Wise: Secretary working closely with John Huang (DNC Fundraiser) and Ron Brown (see above,) at President Clinton's Commerce Department. She was suspected of leaking documents exposing Chinese espionage operations.

Wise's badly bruised, naked body was discovered locked in her office, by a co-worker on the morning of November 29th, 1996. Cause of death unknown.

Huang was ordered to come to the White House.

After an autopsy that many reported as having been hurried and overseen by unnamed persons from the Commerce Department, Sgt. Michael Farish of the police homicide unit said there were no obvious signs of foul play. (Remember, her body was covered in deep, dark bruises.) 

25 - Charles Meissner: Assistant Secretary of Commerce during Clinton's Presidency. He gave John Huang special security clearance. Huang was later convicted of Felony Conspiracy in violating campaign finance laws.

Meissner died shortly thereafter in a small plane crash. The cause of the crash remains unknown.

26 - Dr. Stanley Heard: Chairman of the National Chiropractic Health Care Advisory Committee in the Clinton Administration. Heard had personally treated Clinton's mother, brother, and stepfather.

Died in a small plane crash with his attorney Steve Dickson. Cause unknown.

27 - Judi Gibbs: Penthouse model and call girl. She appeared in the December 1979 issue of Penthouse and later worked in a bordello near Mena, Arkansas. This establishment was also known for running a blackmail operation with photos of various high-profile customers with their girls.

According to the Gibbs family, Bill Clinton had been a frequent customer of Judi, and there were even photos of Clinton and Gibbs having sex.

In a sworn statement, Clinton bodyguard Barry Spivey testified that he'd been aboard then-Governor Clinton's plane when it had flown over Judi Gibbs' house. He went on to say that Clinton had shown him Judi's penthouse photos and pointed out her house.

While a cooperating witness with the police in a drug investigation near Mena Airport, she died when her house burned down. Judi had called the fire department to report the fire. Her body was found on the floor in front of a ground-floor window near a door that would have allowed her easy escape.

No cause for the fire was ever found.

28 - Seth Rich: Democratic National Committee staffer who was shot multiple times in the back on July 10, 2016. The police ruled his death the result of a robbery in spite of Rich's valuables, (wallet, watch, cell-phone, and jewelry) having been left undisturbed on his body.

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange claims that Rich was one of his sources on the DNC email scandal.

In spite of the FBI insisting that Rich's death is not under investigation, the NSA has blocked the release of the Coroner's report on the grounds of "national security risks."


To date, 12 former Clinton bodyguards have been killed.

-Captain Scott J. Reynolds: Helicopter crash in Blossom Point, Maryland.

-Sgt. Brian Haney: Helicopter crash in Blossom Point, Maryland, (see above.)

-Major William S. Barkley, Jr.: Helicopter crash in Blossom Point, Maryland, (see above.)

-Sgt. Tim Sabel: Helicopter crash in Blossom Point, Maryland, (see above.)

-Major General William Robertson: Cause unknown.

-Col. William Densberger: Helicopter crash in Frankfurt, Germany.

-Col. Robert Kelly: Helicopter crash in Frankfurt, Germany, (see above.)

-Specialist Gary Rhodes, Jr.: Helicopter crash in Frankfurt, Germany, (see above.)

-Steve Willis: Cause unknown.

-Robert Williams: Cause unknown.

-Conway LeBleu: Killed while working with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms in a raid on the Branch Davidian Compound in Waco, Texas.

-Todd McKeehan: Killed in the raid on the Branch Davidian Compound in Waco, Texas, while working at the ATF.


Friday, July 26, 2019

How to Find Substantive Remote-Work Opportunities

Digital nomads use telecommunications technologies to earn a living. I’ve been working remotely since 2016 and have been a digital nomad since July 2018. I often work remotely from countries other than the United States, coffee shops, public libraries, and sometimes co-working spaces.

It’s starting to become the newfound “millennial dream,” but without hard work, it can be difficult to make it a reality. The daily grind, cultural norms, and rising student debt can also get in the way. Though landing a remote position may seem daunting, nearly 38 percent of workers will be able to work remotely in some capacity over the next decade, according to

Here are some easy ways to get started researching opportunities regardless of your background to begin settling into remote work.

Though it may seem impossible to earn remote status with your employer, step out of the lens in which you view your position and ask yourself: “Is it possible to work remotely within my current role? Does anyone else at my company do this?”

Though it may mean moving to a different position or leveraging odd hours, be open to discussing new possibilities.

Even if only one person works remotely, you may have the leverage to begin initiating conversations with your employer if you’ve paid your dues.

Though it may seem to be a risk, if you’ve been loyal to your company, nothing is impossible. Though it may mean moving to a different position or leveraging odd hours, be open to discussing new possibilities.

If you’re interested in this workstyle but are unsure if working remotely may be the right lifestyle for you, consider taking on several clients as a freelancer, initially.

This way you can begin to establish work rhythms that will benefit you if and when you do make the decision to transition into remote work.

If you have a skill like graphic design or photography where you could grow your client base, consider starting your own small business.

There are websites that can guide you on your search to finding the right remote positions, just like Angie’s List. Many tech companies offer remote opportunities directly from this website. As you search for positions online, Google also offers “work from home” as a filter as you aspire to search for positions as well.

Consider making a spreadsheet of all the companies you find that have these opportunities, and connect with hiring managers on LinkedIn. Though there may not be a position you qualify for immediately, begin scoping out companies you would like to work for and continue to check back for the right opportunity.

Creative Mornings and Creative Circle are great resources as you continue the search to help you land remote work, in addition to networking with like-minded digital nomads. Co-working spaces are another creative outlet to network and collaborate with other entrepreneurs.

Co-working spaces are another creative outlet to network and collaborate with other entrepreneurs. Seek out any opportunity to cultivate relationships with people who currently work remotely and aspire to learn from them.

Though some may find certain jobs unappealing, a compromise to obtain a remote lifestyle may mean sacrificing your full-time salary, in exchange for a lower paying job.

Therefore, taking on multiple passions⁠—like your remote position that gives you work flexibility in addition to another revenue stream⁠—may make this lifestyle possible for you a bit sooner. Explore different options and combine the passions that generate revenue.

Even if you hate your job, remember that no one is forcing you to work there. Be thankful for the income, development, and stability your company provides no matter your frustrations.

But when the time comes, don’t be afraid to take the leap and go all in to embrace remote work.

This article was republished with the author's permission. 

Chloe Anagnos
Chloe Anagnos

Chloe Anagnos is a professional writer, digital strategist, and marketer. Although a millennial, she's never accepted a participation trophy.

This article was originally published on Read the original article.

Wednesday, July 10, 2019

Rising Anger in America. The Stoics Taught How to Keep Your Cool

According to the latest NPR-IBM Watson Health poll, “42% of those polled said they were angrier in the past year.”

Most of us think we are better than average. We believe others are getting even angrier than we are: “Some 84% of people surveyed said Americans are angrier today compared with a generation ago.”

No wonder some popular politicians speak like they are in a perpetual rage. Joseph Epstein, writing in the Wall Street Journal, observes of Bernie Sanders:

In his earnest self-righteousness and inflexibly held positions, Mr. Sanders reminds one of the Stalinists of old. Whenever I hear him hammering home his points in his staccato speech, using his hands for italics, I recall that old phrase of Jewish mothers of an earlier generation being nagged by their children: "Hak mir nisht keyn tshaynik!” Loosely translated: “Stop rattling that tea kettle in my face.”

Epstein adds, “Mr. Sanders isn’t a Stalinist, but, judging by his temperament and rigidity, in Stalin’s day he might have been.”

Sanders won’t be giving up his anger anytime soon; his success depends upon attracting angry voters.

And it’s not just in the political arena that anger rules the day. Harvard University law professor Ronald Sullivan, forced to step down as a faculty dean, wrote of “angry demands” on college campuses:

Unchecked emotion has replaced thoughtful reasoning on campus. Feelings are no longer subjected to evidence, analysis or empirical defense. Angry demands, rather than rigorous arguments, now appear to guide university policy.

In his Meditations, Marcus Aurelius observed, “It’s courtesy and kindness that define a human being. That’s who possesses strength and nerves and guts, not the angry whiners.”

A few months ago, my wife and I missed our highway exit. When we exited to retrace our steps, we found ourselves backed up at a traffic light. Each time the light turned green, only five cars could make it through before it turned red again. My thinking riffed on getting to our destination on time. As I railed against reality and behaved boorishly, my wife sat still, well, stoically.

At that moment, I was sure my anger was coming from the traffic light. I didn’t sign up for a poorly controlled intersection and a delayed trip. Take the issue away, and I would be calm again. Wrong. Anger starts with an internal decision to be angry. If we want to be angry, we will find things to be angry about.

If you shouldn’t trust yourself when you are angry, surely you shouldn’t trust others who are angry.

My momentary agitation was made of the same stuff as full-blown road rage. I had given the world, in the form of a traffic light, power over my peace of mind. “You shouldn’t give circumstances the power to rouse anger, for they don’t care at all,” Marcus Aurelius counseled.

The moment I stopped feeding my anger with more thinking, the anger was gone. In their book The Daily Stoic, Ryan Holiday and Stephen Hanselman write:

The first rule of holes, goes the adage, is that “if you find yourself in a hole, stop digging.” This might be the most violated piece of commonsense wisdom in the world. Because what most of us do when something happens, goes wrong, or is inflicted on us is make it worse—first, by getting angry or feeling aggrieved, and next, by flailing around before we have much in the way of a plan.

Life will often not meet our expectations. The traffic light will only let five cars through when you have to get somewhere. But do you have to allow your thinking to make the situation even worse? If you keep pinching your arm, don’t be surprised if you get bruised.

James Romm is a professor of classics at Bard College. His book How to Keep Your Cool: An Ancient Guide to Anger Management is a new translation of the Stoic philosopher Seneca’s work On Anger.

In his introduction to his book, Romm asks us to recall “the last minor incident that sent you into a rage.” He asks us to reflect on these questions: “You were injured—or were you? Were you notably worse off, a day or two later, than before the incident occurred? Did it really matter that someone disrespected you?”

Then Romm offers this pointed advice:

By shifting our perspective or expanding our mental scale, Seneca challenges our sense of what, if anything, is worth our getting angry. Pride, dignity, self-importance—the sources of our outrage when we feel injured—end up seeming hollow when we zoom out and see our lives from a distance.

In Seneca’s words, “Your anger is a kind of madness, because you set a high price on worthless things.”

Using the common example of road rage, Romm explains the price of our madness:

In your momentary road rage, in your desire to honk at, hurt, or kill the other driver, lie grave threats to the sovereignty of reason in your soul, and therefore to your capacity for right choice and virtuous action. The onset of anger endangers your moral condition more than that of any other emotion, for anger is, in Seneca’s eyes, the most intense, destructive, and irresistible of the passions. It’s like jumping off a cliff: once rage is allowed to get control, there’s no hope of stopping the descent.

Awareness cures anger. Look at “all the vices anger gives rise to and take good measure of them.” Seneca was adamant:

If you truly want to examine its effects, the damages it causes, I say that no plague has done more harm to humankind. You’ll see slaughters, poisons, mutual mud-slinging of litigants, wreckage of cities, extinctions of whole races, lives of leading men sold at public auction, torches touched to buildings, flames not contained within walls but, held by an enemy host, gleaming over vast spans of territory.

Anger harms the angry host. Seneca taught:

Deaf to reason and advice, stirred up by empty provocations, unsuited to distinguishing what’s just and true; [anger] resembles nothing so much as a collapsing building that breaks apart upon that which it crushes.

The Stoics advised that you can do your “duty” without anger. There is no such thing as healthy anger, taught Seneca.

Some men think it valuable to moderate anger rather than set it aside, to force it to conform to a healthy measure and restrain its overflows, to hold on to that part without which action grows weak and the force and energy of the mind is dissipated. First, however, it’s easier to shut out harmful things than to govern them, easier to deny them entry than to moderate them once they have entered. Once they’ve established residence, they become more powerful than their overseer and do not accept retrenchment or abatement.

In short, “Once shaken and overthrown, the mind becomes a slave to that which drives it.” Choose against anger as soon as you recognize it. Seneca instructs:

It is best to repel instantly the first prickings of anger, to stamp out its very seedlings, to take pains not to be drawn in. For once it has knocked us off course, the return to health and safety is difficult; no space is left for Reason once passion has been ushered in and given jurisdiction.

Here is Seneca’s timeless thumb rule: Don’t trust your first angry thoughts shrieking insane advice. He explains:

Since we ought to fight against first causes, the cause of anger is the sense of having been wronged; but one ought not to trust this sense. Don’t make your move right away, even against what seems overt and plain; sometimes false things give the appearance of truth. One must take one’s time; a day reveals the truth.

Like other Stoics, Seneca advised mind training. Each of us must come to know our personal storm warnings. He instructs:

It is best therefore to restrain oneself at the first sign of the evil, then to give as little rein as possible to one’s words and to block the onset. It’s easy to detect when one’s emotions first arise, since the hallmarks of the ailments precede them.

Seneca asked, “Won’t everyone want to call themselves back from anger’s borders, once they understand that its first onset is to their detriment?”

If you shouldn’t trust yourself when you are angry, surely you shouldn’t trust others who are angry. “There is no reason to trust the words of angry people, which make loud and menacing noise despite the great timidity of the mind that lies beneath,” advised Seneca.

Angry politicians believe they are wise. Enraged college students believe they are just. A driver overcome by road rage believes he is in the right. Seneca would say they are all insane.

Everyone who’s transported beyond mortal thinking by an insane mind believes he’s breathing in something elevated and sublime. But there’s nothing firm underneath; things that grow without foundations are likely to slide into ruin. Anger has nothing on which it can lean; it arises from nothing steady or durable.

Some may believe that the ability to be angry with impunity is a perk of their power. Seneca would say getting angry is a booby prize.

Don’t you want me to advise those people who wield anger from the height of power, who think it a testament to their strength, who reckon a ready revenge to be one of the great benefits of great wealth, that he who is a prisoner of anger cannot be called powerful, or even free?

Can we reduce our attraction to anger? Can we keep our cool while others lose theirs? If enough of us can, there will be less demand for angry politicians.

Romm places On Anger in context: “By the time he came to write On Anger, or at least the greater part of it, he had witnessed, from the close vantage point of the Roman Senate, the bloody four-year reign of Caligula.”

Most of us are not pure saints nor demented souls like Caligula. Seneca wrote, “Even in good characters there is something rather unsavory. Human nature contains treacherous thoughts, ungrateful ones, greedy and wicked ones.”

How we spend our days becomes how we spend our life.

Understanding human nature allows us to be “kinder to one another.” Seneca advised us to forgive the foibles of others: “We’re just wicked people living among wicked people. Only one thing can give us peace, and that’s a pact of mutual leniency.”

Always see your common humanity with others, counseled Seneca.

The majority of humankind gets angry not at the wrongs but at the wrongdoers. A good look at ourselves will make us more temperate if we ask ourselves: “Haven’t we ourselves also done something like that? Haven’t we gone astray in the same way? Does condemning these things really benefit us?”

Seneca pointed to our hypocrisy:

Each of us has the spirit of a king inside us: We want total freedom to be granted to us but not to those acting against us. It’s either our ignorance or our arrogance that makes us prone to anger. For what is so surprising if wicked people do wicked things?

And when we forget our ignorance and arrogance, Seneca suggests we recall “every time we find it hard to forgive, whether it’s to our benefit that everyone be implacable. How often has the one who refused mercy later sought it?”

Today, like every day, the world will provide ample opportunity to practice Seneca’s wisdom. How we spend our days becomes how we spend our life. Are we willing to learn, as Marcus Aurelius puts it, that we “have something in [us] more powerful and divine than what causes the bodily passions and pulls [us] like a mere puppet”?

Barry Brownstein
Barry Brownstein

Barry Brownstein is professor emeritus of economics and leadership at the University of Baltimore. He is the author of The Inner-Work of Leadership. To receive Barry's essays subscribe at Mindset Shifts.

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